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Afghanistan: Forced Eviction Monitoring Report - Shahrak-e-Sabz (Zone A and B) Informal Site, Herat Province (October 2019)

Source: Norwegian Refugee Council Country: Afghanistan
In September 2019, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) deployed its Housing, Land and Property (HLP) team to monitor and document eviction incidents in Injil District of Herat Province. The NRC team conducted six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) in Shahrak-e-Sabz displacement site, located within Injil district of Herat Province, aimed at better understanding the concerns faced by Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in relation to evictions and/or forcible demolition of their homes. Background and Context The vast majority of conflict and/or drought-displaced people who fled to Herat as of April 2018 have no land or property in Herat. Initially, they settled on private lands in the Kahdistan and Clinic areas. However, they then moved from Kahdistan to – government provided - Shahrak-e-Sabz, with the first wave of movements to Shahrak-eSabz taking place in December 2018. According to an NRC Camp Management (CM) team assessment conducted in March 2019, one of the reasons for the relocation of IDPs from Kahdistan to Shahrak-e-Sabz was threats and instances of forced eviction by land owners that triggered their motivation for relocation. Shahrak-e-Sabz is a government-owned land, belonging to the office of Hajj and Religious Affairs. The population of the Shahrak-e-Sabz is 8,938 households (HHs), with the population of Zones A and B totaling to 3,070 HHs. There are a total of seven Zones in the area of Shahrak-e-Sabz, all of which have a high number of IDPs who are exposed to risks of eviction. However, as a pilot eviction monitoring exercise, Zones A and B were the main focus of the FGDs for this report, whilst further eviction monitoring will be conducted for the rest of the zones in the coming months.
According to IDP households NRC surveyed, the situation of vulnerable families in Shahrak-e-Sabz is precarious. They are at risk of being evicted by the local authorities as their resettlement on the land is considered temporary. The IDPs have also constructed mud homes that the police is destroying in an effort to vacate the IDPs from the land.


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