Tuesday 23 April 2019
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South Sudan: South Sudan Humanitarian Fund Annual Report 2018

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2018 IN REVIEW This Annual Report presents information about the South Sudan Humanitarian Fund during the 2018 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievements are reported in two distinct ways: Information about allocations made during 2018 (shown in blue). The data describes funds allocated through new grants in 2018, and the expected results of those allocations once the corresponding projects are fully implemented. Since implementation of some projects will continue beyond the end of 2018, full and final results are not available at the time of publication of this annual report. Information about all results reported in 2018, whether attributable to allocations made in 2018 or in prior years (shown in orange). The data is derived from all final narrative reports submitted by partners and approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 December 2018. These final narrative reports may pertain to projects supported by allocations in both 2017 and 2018. This new approach to Annual Reporting means that the full extent of achievements will be captured over time through successive Annual R however the achievements noted in any given Annual Report for any given calendar year will no longer be limited to those attributable to the funds allocated in that same calendar year. Numbers of people targeted and reached through funds allocated in any given calendar year have been adjusted to minimise the potential for double counting where individuals may have received support from different projects under more than one cluster. The methodology used is the same as has been used for previous Annual Reports and is consistent with the methodology used for estimating the numbers of people targeted and reached under the South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). However, no offsetting has been applied where the same individual may have been supported through funds allocated in different calendar years. Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the exchange rate at the time of the pledge. HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT Key drivers of the humanitarian situation The humanitarian situation in South Sudan remained dire. Cumulative effects of years of conflict, violence and destroyed livelihoods have left about two thirds of the population in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. At the beginning of the year the total number of people in need was estimated at 7 million, a figure that remained broadly unchanged throughout the year with 7.1 million people estimated to be in need at the start of 2019. While the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict went some way to reducing the scope and intensity of the conflict the country remained in the grip of a humanitarian crisis. Efforts by humanitarian partners sustained implementation of the response, however compounding effects of conflict, inadequate basic services, destroyed livelihoods and eroded coping capacities at community and household level, driving up vulnerabilities, with the ability of affected people to meet their basic needs severely compromised. Limited access to basic services Conflict and related economic decline continued to limit the Government’s ability to provide dependable basic services to the population at large. In 2018 one primary health centre served an average of 50,000 just 40 per cent of nutrition treatment centers had access to safe only one in five births were assisted by a skilled health worker, with the maternal mortality ratio estimated at 789 per 100,000 live and more than 70 per cent of school-age children were not receiving an education, with every third school damaged, destroyed, occupied or closed since the onset of the conflict in 2013 (HNO 2018). Displacement Throughout 2018 the conflict continued to destroy homes, disrupt lives and ruin livelihoods. At year end nearly 2 million people were internally displaced, while another 2.2 million people were taking refuge in neighboring countries (2019 HNO). Limited humanitarian access Maintaining access to communities and households in need of humanitarian assistance and protection remained a challenge in 2018. About 1.5 million people were located in areas facing high levels of access constraints - places where armed hostilities, violence against aid workers and assets, and other access impediments made humanitarian activities severely restricted, or in some cases impossible. Violence against humanitarian personnel and assets accounted for over half of all reported access-related incidents in 2018. 575 aid workers were relocated due to insecurity, disrupting the provision of life-saving assistance and protection services to people in need for prolonged periods. Many of the hardest to reach areas in Unity, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal had alarming rates of food insecurity, malnutrition, and sexual and gender-based violence. Fifteen aid workers were killed in 2018, bringing the total of aid workers killed since the start of the conflict in 2013 to 112, the vast majority of them being South Sudanese. At least 117 humanitarian workers were detained for prolonged periods during 2018, the majority working for local NGOs. In addition, operational and bureaucratic impediments hampered intermittently the smooth implementation of humanitarian activities. Resilience of humanitarian partners In spite of these challenges humanitarian organizations reached over 5.3 million people in 2018, including over 4.2 million people with food assistance and emergency livelihoods s more than 2 million people with access to improved water s over 690,000 children with emergency edu and nearly 4 million people with humanitarian protection services. The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan was 68 per cent funded, with US$1.171 billion received. Clusters including Camp Coordination and Camp Management, Emergency Shelter and Non-Food I and Health were significantly under-funded. 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan 7.0 M People in need 6.0 M People targeted 1.72 B Funding requirement


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