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Pakistan: Pakistan Humanitarian Fund Annual Report 2018

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Pakistan, Afghanistan
2018 IN REVIEW This Annual Report primarily presents information on the achievements of the Pakistan Humanitarian Pooled Fund (PHPF) during the calendar year of 2018. However, it also gives information on the achievements made through the allocations done in 2017-16. the achievement of PHPF is reported in two distinct ways: Information on allocations granted in 2018 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of this annual report. Results reported in 2018 attributed to allocations granted in 2017-16 (shown in orange). This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 January 2019. Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple cluster/sectors. Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the exchange rate at the time of the pledge. HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT Protracted Displacement The KP merged districts (KPMD) have been affected by underdevelopment for long years. Since 2008, over 5 million individuals were displaced from this area due to a volatile security situation and ongoing military operations. Many of the residents were displaced and returned several times. Return of IDPs to former FATA Noting an improved security situation conducive to returns, the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in 2015 initiated the return process of displaced families to KPMD based on “denotification”. The GoP, with the help of humanitarian partners have facilitated 438,657 (94%) of the displaced families to return to KPMD. There remains a total of 16,064 families who are yet to return in 2018. Humanitarian Situation in Return Areas Since the de-notification of the areas by the GoP in 2015, massive returns from the northern part of the country to KPMD took place, where significant humanitarian needs still existed. One gap noted in the process was a lack of basic facilities and infrastructure in return areas. Due to several years of neglect and a lack of maintenance, most of the facilities including houses, schools, health facilities, water sources, agricultural livelihoods, and farming were in dire need of repair and rehabilitation. Security Situation in the Return Areas of former FATA In KPMD, while the security situation has improved, and the civilian structures have resumed their duties, the Pakistan Army is still responsible for security in the area. Intelligence-based operations are occasionally being carried out against actors who carry out attacks on the security forces. However, such attacks do not have any direct impact on the ongoing humanitarian and transition operations in the tribal districts of KPMD. Vulnerability Assessment A vulnerability assessment was conducted to identify humanitarian needs and vulnerabilities that impact the inhabitants of KPMD. The assessment was conducted in August/September 2017 and sampled all areas of KPMD. The report highlighted that humanitarian needs prevail in KPMD despite ongoing reconstruction efforts adversely affecting sustainable returns. Afghan Refugees Currently Pakistan hosts approximately 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees, one of the largest protracted refugee populations. In addition, there are an estimated 0.6 million undocumented Afghans in Pakistan. Tribal Districts Transition Framework PHPF allocations contributed to the humanitarian needs identified in the FATA Transition Plan 2.9M People in need 1.29M People targeted 123M Funding requirement


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