Wednesday 24 April 2019
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reliefweb - 1 month ago

World: Suicide bombings against civilians and government targets in Africa, the Middle East, and Southern Asia

Source: Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset Country: Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, World
Since the first suicide bombing recorded by ACLED in 2002, there have been more than 1,600 suicide bombings, which have resulted in more than 18,000 reported fatalities. The most suicide bombings have been recorded in Iraq (where there have been more than 340 suicide bombings), Pakistan (more than 280), Nigeria (more than 250), Afghanistan (more than 130), and Syria (more than 120). The number of suicide bombings peaked in 2017, when there were more than 470 suicide bombings. A surge in both the number of suicide bombings deployed by Boko Haram (98 in 2017) and sustained levels of suicide bombings by the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria (150 in 2017) accounted for roughly half of the number of suicide bombings that year. Both of these groups were suffering territorial losses and facing robust military offensives (The Guardian, October 21, IRIN, May 4, 2017). More than 47% of suicide bombs are deployed against civilian targets. Roughly 41% are deployed against domestic government targets, while an additional 3% are deployed against foreign militaries. More than 8% of suicide bombs are deployed by non-state armed groups against other non-state armed groups. Not only are civilians more frequently targeted, attacks against them are more lethal on average. The average civilian-targeted suicide bombing results in 14 reported fatalities, as compared to an average of almost 9 reported fatalities following an attack on a domestic government target, almost 6 reported fatalities following a suicide bombing of a foreign military target, and close to 10 reported fatalities associated with suicide bombings of other non-state armed groups.


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