Wednesday 20 March 2019
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Burkina Faso: UNHCR Burkina Faso Country Operation Update - March 2019

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
POPULATION OF CONCERN
144 792 FUNDING (AS OF FEBRUARY 2019)
USD 20,7 Million KEY INDICATORS
24,650
Malian refugees in a protracted refugee situation of which 98% are residing in the conflict-affected Sahel region
20,7 million USD
Needed as of February 2019
115 310
Persons internally displaced in Burkina Faso Operational Context
The key situations include: The Mali Situation: began in 2012 with the outbreak of conflict in northern Mali. Today, almost 25 000 Malians have found refuge in Burkina Faso. The Sahel region bordering Mali and Niger and hosting 98% of Malian refugees is increasingly affected by insecurity and violence, aggravating the vulnerability of populations who are in need of international protection and multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance. Since over one year, thousands of asylum seekers from Mali entered into Boucle du Mouhoun and Nord regions, fleeing an intensification of violence in Central Mali. The majority of people live in spontaneous sites or with the local population. Additional displacement into these regions is not excluded. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): At least 115 000 Burkinabe have left their homes due to rising insecurity, incidents of violence and the presence of armed groups and are now displaced within Burkina Faso. This number is likely to increase as more IDPs are being identified and registered by the Government and incidents of violence continue. The most affected regions are the Sahel, Centre-Nord, Nord, and Est regions. Some 30% of IDPs are residing in Djibo (Sahel Region) where UNHCR already has a Field Unit with 15 staff. However, there are numerous access constraints due to the presence of armed groups. More than 90% of the IDPs live in host communities, whereas two sites have been established by the Government since January. Mixed Movements: Burkina Faso is a transit country of migratory movements northwards. These migratory flows are mixed and consist of economic migrants, as well as persons in need of international protection. UNHCR is assessing the feasibility with the Government of setting up an Emergency Transit Mechanism (ETM) to provide life-saving protection, assistance and long-term solutions to extremely vulnerable refugees trapped in detention in Libya, through temporary evacuation to Burkina Faso and onwards resettlement to third countries. Statelessness: Burkina Faso counts a large number of stateless people or people at risk of statelessness, especially in the Sahel, where over 30% would be at risk of statelessness according to a 2018 UNHCR study. UNHCR is facilitating and financing the issuance of birth certificates and citizenship certificates for the most vulnerable.


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